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Treating a pest infestation can be as simple as spraying pesticide onto a gathering of cluster flies or as complicated as fumigating a complete building. With so many options available the decision about which removal treatment is best can be confusing. Not only do the remedies differ for each type of pest but the habits may vary enough even between species of the same pest to require different control methods.

For example, the techniques used to eradicate each of the three termite groups (dampwood, drywood and subterranean) are often specific to the species. They may even vary depending on the structure of the building involved in the process.

Professional pest control services differ in both the methods, costs, and specialties that their organizations consist of.


Prevention methods will also differ. Repairing a leaking gutter may discourage an invasion of dampwood termites. On the other hand, clearing dead wood that is laying around the yard will remove an attraction for drywood termites.

Location and climate also have a bearing on the kind of deterrent used. Taking termites as an example again, some soil types make it impractical to use certain chemical barriers. And soil that is permanently damp in a humid or wet climate will present different challenges to both prevention and treatment.

Professional pest controllers will know which remedies work best locally. Distinct geographic and climatic regions may be plagued by particular pests. For example:

  • Southern states are afflicted with aggressive ant species.
  • Some large cities have become notorious for bed bug infestations.
  • Formosan termites are found primarily around the southern and gulf coast states.

Do-it-yourself Methods

When faced with a pest invasion, many homeowners turn to do-it-yourself methods first. There is a great variety of sprays, kits, and off-the-shelf treatments for all kinds of pests.

Many of these DIY solutions kill pests but to be effective, any treatment must do more than simply destroy the immediate threat. Pests are hardy and it only takes one gravid female to survive for the problem to reoccur.

Most states have strict laws governing the use of pesticides to protect public health and the environment. These laws prevent particular chemicals from being sold to the public. They are only available to qualified pest exterminators.

Over the years, some pests have become resistant to over-used chemicals often found in store-bought pesticides. Among these are bedbugs and species of mosquito that are now hardly affected by pyrethroids.

Repeat treatments

Although treated in the correct manner and with the appropriate pesticides, some infestations need to be treated more than once. This is because most pests pass through several stages in their life cycle, such as eggs and nymphs, before they become adults.

Even the best remedies are not always 100% effective against every stage of development. Eggs can be surprisingly resilient. Repeat treatments may be necessary to make sure that any survivors or hatchlings are destroyed.


Regular inspections by trained pest controllers can highlight risk areas and confirm the presence or absence of any threats. Most professionals have access to a wide range of equipment to ensure the inspection is thorough. Heat detectors, traps, radar and listening devices are just some of the tools used. A growing number use trained dogs.

When deciding whether to go the DIY route or use a professional exterminator, Pest Helpers can provide the information needed. If the decision is to call a professional, Pest Helpers will locate a reliable one with local knowledge.